victorian era social norms

December 22, 2020

Baby Farmers and Anglemakers: Childcare in 19th Century England. The penalties inflicted seemed to be a sufficient deterrent to criminal behavior. Looking at social class through a Robert Louis Stevenson's novel published in the Victorian era, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde shows how social class has build an strong idea in the way characters act and think. Social class and values in the Victorian Era 1. Girls typically married in their early to mid 20’s to a groom around 5 years older than them in order to reinforce the “natural” hierarchy between the sexes. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. The quote “Mr Darcy soon drew the attention of the room by his fine tall person, handsome features, noble mien; and the report which was in general circulation within five minutes after his entrance” further supports this notion through cumulative listing, Mr Darcy exemplified as a reflection of society, symbolic of societal values and mores. Newspapers sensationalized the violence, particularly if there was a sexual component to the crime, and people became obsessed with criminals such as Jack the Ripper. THE CONCEPT OF VICTORIAN GENTLEMEN The Victorian Era spans over 60 years so we need to be careful when making sweeping statements about this time. In addition, this quote is also able to portray societal expectations and reputations of men, as they were regarded as pawns in elevation of status and financial security, rather than human beings. Children took on hard-working jobs as coal miners, chimney sweepers, farm workers and domestic servants. Has Jack the Ripper’s Identity Been Revealed?. The novel takes place at a transformative and transitional moment in British society, as the strict social manners, class hierarchy, and codes of behavior typical of the Victorian period give way to the greater freedom and liberality of modernity in the 20th century. The most brutal form of child labor took place in coal mines. The law forced women and their children, without fathers, to enter workhouses that granted them a horrible reputation. Most women worked in domestic service, either as a cook, maid, or laundress to a wealthier woman. As a result, the Bastardy Clause was enacted to issue “relief” for illegitimate children; however it enhanced the illegitimacy of children. The progression of England as a society led to a greater demand for labor from both adults and children. Works such as The Return of The Native, Far from the Madding Crowd, and Tess of the d’Urbervilles introduced characters with such deep and intense emotion (whether it was slightly comedic or very tragic) that most writers before him failed to do. Kleing, C. (2014). The main theme from my perspective is the hunger for power; authority and respect are the dominant themes because everyone demands them at least one time in the story. Charles Dickens was not just one of the first great English novelists. The Metropolitan Police. Ritchie provides the following statistics for 1856: “it appears that in all 73,240 persons were taken into custody, of whom 45,941 were males, and 27,209 were females; 18,000 of the apprehensions were on account of drunkenness, 8160 for unlawful possession of goods, 7021 for simple larceny, 6763 for common assaults, 2194 for assaults on the police; 4303 women were taken into custody as prostitutes” (Banerjee). The Lottery took place in a time when women were looked upon as second class citizens and had no rights. However, even with all of the improvements and advancements in industrial and social status, the Victorian marriage still remained somewhat antiquated, especially when compared to the modern marriage model of today’s world. The expansion of the Middle class during this time was due to the rapid growth of cities and the economy. The act was meant to protect the men from contracting diseases; not the women from being harmed. The period was a time of industrial, societal and cultural development with Britain as one of the leading countries. This idea was very successful and a lot more people were moving to her new type of Protestant. People of a higher social class expected a greater level of respect. 1901. • 1838: crowned Queen when eighteen years old• succeeded William IV• but until birth of first daughter in 1840 Ernest August I of Hannover was king 4. Homosociality Because religion was one of the largest changes in the. 1. http://www.history.com/news/has-jack-the-rippers-identity-been-revealedLandow T. “Early and Mid Victorian Attitudes towards Prostitution”. A child was considered a “bastard” in a case where the male would leave all support and care of the child to the female. Elizabeth took this problem into her hands, even with the Pope plotting against her, she wisely went down the middle road making Protestantism the main religion of England. The large scale of new industries such as railroads, banks, and government meant that more labor was needed to make sure the cities were able to function (Loftus). This was used as evidence to support that women should not belong in the workplace, because their families were not being properly taken care of. Stories. Technologically, this era saw a staggering amount … From marriage and sexuality to education and rights, Professor Kathryn Hughes looks at attitudes towards gender in 19th-century Britain. Britishness: the quality of being British or having characteristics regarded as typically British. Although the Victorian era was a period of extreme social inequality, industrialisation brought about rapid changes in everyday life. To be able to go to work, mothers would often pay other women, usually very elderly or very young, to watch their children.Working women could not afford to pay for servants, so besides their actual jobs they had to do all of the household chores themselves. Rather than women working alongside the men in family businesses, the 19th century saw an increase in men commuting away to their places of work, leaving the women home all day to oversee the household. It is also less dramatic compared to the Romantic period, as there is less deviations from the social norms. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/1834-poor-law/ The Metropolitan Police. According to Webster’s dictionary, power is “the ability or right to control people or things.” Also, according to Webster’s dictionary authority is “the power to give orders or make decisions.” And lastly, Webster’s dictionary tells us that respect is “a feeling of admiring someone or something that is good.” These themes are shown to be very effective in the story because most males demand power, authority and respect. Victorian social norms directed the ways in which Victorian people were expected to interact with each other. This mistreatment created a strong feminist movement among Victorian women who yearned for fair treatment. Dignity: “To greet someone by saying ‘Hello, old fellow’ indicates ill-breeding. Such authority was needed, as crime rates were high. These women were distinguished from the upper class by having less education and fewer opportunities. Social class and values in the Victorian Era 1. The responsibilities of upper-class and aristocratic women were limited because of the common opinion that they were weak. http://www.loyno.edu/~history/journal/1989-0/haller.htm The class system was defined by the animosity between classes, the upper class treating the lower class with disdain and disgust. Men, women and children were supposed to follow exacting social norms, or they would quickly find themselves ostracized. This distinction between the wealthy and the poor with respect to law enforcement stemmed in part from the new concept of a ‘criminal class.’ In the minds of the upper classes, the members of this underworld lived in the filth of the East End and consisted of the poorest members of society. Reverend Parris is hungry for power and worries little about others. Victorian Era Jekyll and Hyde. 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