african porcupine predators

December 22, 2020

8(100%) African Crested Porcupine. Three animals, however, has figured out how to eat porcupines. One way that predators hunting African porcupines have learned to capture the rodent is by hammering quick blows to its head until the porcupine dies. The spines of the porcupines give them unique protection against the predators. The word derives from the spines on the skin of this mammal. The report, published in the Journal of East African Natural History in May, suggests that lions usually avoid porcupines, unless a shortage of prey drives them to the prickly critters. They are a large species of rodent covered by black, but mostly white spines, used for protection and can be used to stab attackers in a heated situation. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Close Search Bearizona Wildlife Park. A landowner permit is needed to trap chipmunks, opossums, porcupines, rabbits, raccoons, skunks, tree squirrels and woodchucks in Maryland. Its body is covered with coarse quills 1 to 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses, with the thickest quills covering its hindquarters. It has an elongated, rat-like face and body and short legs, tipped with clawed and webbed feet. They are a large species of rodent covered by black, but mostly white spines, used for protection and can be used to stab attackers in a heated situation. DIET. These quills are flat until it senses a predator around it. The quills are very sharp and they are not firmly attached to the skin. Cape Leopardess. Three animals, however, has figured out how to eat porcupines. The echidna, also known as they the spiny anteater, is a type of monotreme covered in sharp, rigid spines and long, bristly hairs. It is believed that they are capable of “shooting” their quills, but this is not the case. The force to help the release of the quills is supplied by the contact with the would-be predator. There are two families of porcupines according to their origin: Old World porcupines and New World porcupines. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. Activity: DIY Porcupine Defense. [1], Brush-tailed porcupines live in small family groups of about eight members. Their spines are modified hairs coated with thick plates of keratin that are used to defend them from predators. The body of a porcupine is covered by long - up to 60 centimeters pliable spines. The life of an African crested porcupine. The female has a long pregnancy compared to other rodents: 110 days at the longest. Porcupine Profile. A porcupine also has many similar predators to hedgehogs. Total votes: 8. Post 11:15 AM - Jan 31 #1 2020-01-31T11:15. Who wins? The meat of the brush-tailed porcupine is popular and is consumed in large quantities. If you were ever looking for an unusual piece of trivia, the porcupine … Fisher, however, are effective predators of porcupines and can control porcupine populations in areas where they both live. Alone, a porcupine can resist a pack of dogs by just hiding behind its bullet proof quill jacket. The porcupine has quite an … [1], The brush-tailed porcupine reaches 40 to 50 cm in length, not counting the tail. However, the one main problem for porcupines is fishers. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. If the above processes fail, the porcupine will attack by running sideways or backwards into predators. African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. https://wildlifewaystation.org/animals/species/porcupine-african-crested If this fails to deter the predator, the North African crested porcupine will proceed to stamp its feet, whirr its quills to produce a rattling sound, and will then charge its enemy, back-end first, attempting to stab its enemy with its thicker, shorter quills. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. predators. Apex Predator. There are two different families of porcupines. Introduction of their newest Animal Ambassador - Quilliam, the African Crested Porcupine. They are good diggers. Here is a compilation of wild animal hunting videos from our trip to the Maasai Mara in Kenya recently. When it is confronted by a predator, the African crested porcupine raises the 12- to 13-inch quills along its head and back into a crest so its body appears larger and more threatening. Porcupines have become a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a delicacy. Instead, the quills detach very easily. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. Females usually have only one litter per year, containing one or two or, occasionally three offspring. The old world porcupine is brush-tailed generally live in parts of Africa and India whereas the new world porcupine lives in Canada, North and Central America. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. The Cape porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world, alongside the nearly identical African crested porcupine. Both families have distinct locations. On the tail, these quills are thinner and brush-like. They are terrestrial, rarely climbing trees, but able to swim. Wikispecies has information related to Atherurus: Wikimedia Commons has media related to … They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. African crested porcupines are excellent diggers and live in an extensive burrow systems, caves, rock crevices or aardvark holes. How Does porcupine attack? oregonzoo.org/discover/animals/african-crested-porcupine, arkive.org/north-african-crested-porcupine/hystrix-cristata/, Web Design & Development: Chicago Digital. They have quite acute hearing and will freeze when approached by predators, such as big cats, large predatory birds, or hyaenas. The predators who attack the porcupines sharing one burrow are great horned owls, leopards, coyotes, bobcats, mountain lions and wolves. There is hystricidae, or Old World Porcupines, and Erethizontidae, the New World Porcupines.. Life Span 5 to 7 Years. Create your own quills! The porcupine species found within the Kruger National Park and within Southern Africa is known as the Cape Porcupine, the largest porcupine species on Earth. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. But there seems to be a lot of confusion about whether porcupines shoot their quills. At the base of the tail, the porcupine has blunt, hollow quills that rattle when shaken, serving as a warning to potential predators. So one of these predators will sometimes kill and eat a porcupine by flipping it onto its back and biting into its vulnerable belly. [2], International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=African_brush-tailed_porcupine&oldid=982915854, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 04:23. The North African crested porcupine has a short body with thick legs. But these backward-pointing defences are only effective if the rodent can keep its assailant to its rear. Click on the pictures below to meet our resident animals! DISTRIBUTION. The African crested porcupine is native to regions of Northern Africa, Southern Europe, and areas of the Mediterranean. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. They have quite acute hearing and will freeze when approached by predators, … As with all porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine would back into the attacker and inflict damage with its quills. The brush-tailed porcupine has many native predators: leopards, large raptors and snakes; however, humans are their most prominent and constant predators. Porcupine comes from the Latin “porcus” for pig and “spina” for spine: “spiny pig”… BUT, they are not related to pigs. The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. The African Porcupine is primarily nocturnal, although it may be seen during the day. Federal ID #95-319081214831 Little Tujunga Canyon Road, Lake View Terrace, California 91342-5999(818)-899-8702. When attacked by a predator, the porcupine raises its quills so it looks twice its size, rattles its tail quills, and stomps its feet. It is unable to protect its head by rolling up like a hedgehog. Diet: The brush-tailed porcupine is mostly herbivorous. Turbo's longest quills can reach up to 13 inches. Their status is: Protected. They make sniffing and quill-rattling noises that can be heard from several meters. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. The spines on the tail are hollow, and used to make a rattling sound to scare away predators. Rodents, such as our African crested porcupines, have ever growing front teeth (called incisors). North American Porcupine Predators. The porcupine does not shoot its quills at predators; rather, it sheds them on impact so that they become imbedded in an attacker. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. The brush-tailed porcupine has many native predators: leopards, large raptors and snakes; however, humans are their most prominent and constant predators. Porcupines do not shoot their quills in the way that you would imagine shooting an arrow. Where do porcupines live? This specie have however developed an advanced defense mechanism that makes predators think twice before they consider them for a meal. Bobcats, cougars and fishers have learned that a porcupine has no quills on its stomach. African Crested Porcupines are the 3rd largest rodent in the world, with some indivuduals weighing as much as 60lbs. If this fails, it runs backwards and rams the attacker with the short, thick quills on its backside. They are good diggers. But few animals know this porcupine-eating trick. Web Design & Development: Chicago Digital, Wildlife Waystation is a 501 (c) (3) nonprofit organization. This is a large species of porcupine, complete with a full compliment of defensive quills and has very few natural predators. Bobcats, cougars and fishers have learned that a porcupine has no quills on its stomach. Status Least Concern. These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. The adult weighs about 3 kg. They are herbivorous, feeding on leaves, flowers and fruits which have fallen to the forest floor. In addition, predatory birds such as eagles and owls prey on porcupines. Defensive Skills. The African Porcupine is primarily nocturnal, although it may be seen during the day. To do this, these animals have evolved unique quill-release systems. head. Cape Porcupine Facts. When a porcupine is born, its quills are generally very blunt and soft, but as it grows, it starts hardening within a few months. The sharp, sturdy quills of the African crested porcupine give it highly effective protection against predators. Find objects around your house that can function in the same way a porcupine's quills do. Predators of the North African crested porcupine include lions, leopards, large birds of prey and hyenas. As with all porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine backs into the attacker and inflicts damage with its quills. The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), also known as the Canadian porcupine, is a large rodent in the New World porcupine family. © 2020 Wildlife Waystation, Inc. Its quills protect it against such predators as Uganda Police. The African crested porcupine is the largest rodent in Africa, and the 3rd largest rodent in the world, behind the capybara and beaver. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. The North African crested porcupine is nocturnal. Porcupines cannot shoot their quills at predators. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. African Crested Porcupine. The quills cannot be thrown at predators but do easily fall out, sometimes giving the illusion of being thrown. Predators of the Heart - African Crested Porcupine - YouTube The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). Different family groups can share resources. On these particular arboreal species, quills on the tail are really hard, tough and also points backwards enabling them to stay and climb on the tree branches. Appearance: Cape porcupines' bodies are covered with flat, bristly hairs, and they have large quills on their posterior back and sides that range from a couple of inches to a foot in length. It lives in hilly, rocky habitats in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. Become a Sponsor and connect with our animals in a personal way. But few animals know this porcupine-eating trick. Porcupines have large black and white spines on their back which protects them from predators and these quills fall out easily and are found naturally in the wild. They are nocturnal, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during the day. Some quills, like those of Africa's crested porcupine, are nearly a foot (30 centimeters) long. Although they have been found at altitudes of 11,480 feet on Mount Kilimanjaro, they are not found in dry, empty deserts or damp forests. On these particular arboreal species, quills on the tail are really hard, tough and also points backwards enabling them to stay and climb on the tree branches. African porcupines are herbivorous feeding on … When attacked by a predator, the porcupine raises its quills so it looks twice its size, rattles its tail quills, and stomps its feet. The African crested porcupine is one of the largest rodents in the world, weighing up to 30 kilograms (kg), and growing nearly up to 1 meter (m) in length. As with all porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine would back into the attacker and inflict damage with its quills. Friday, April 12, 2019. Taipan. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African brush-tailed porcupine, and Indian crested porcupine. Different family groups can share resources. There are more than two dozen porcupine species, and all boast a coat of needle-like quills to give predators a sharp reminder that this animal is no easy meal. [3], Male and female form a pair bond during breeding season. There are about two dozen porcupine species, and all boast a coat of needle-like quills to give predators a sharp reminder that this animal is no easy meal. Follow this daring little devil of the Kalahari Desert as he effortlessly repels his enemies. Diet: The brush-tailed porcupine is mostly herbivorous. Quills. The African crested porcupine is one of the largest rodents in the world, weighing up to 30 kilograms (kg), and growing nearly up to 1 meter (m) in length. An erectile crest of long, bristly hairs runs from the top of the head down to the shoulders. The porcupine’s head doesn’t have the quills found on its hindquarters. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. Let's have a look at how they do this. It is mostly nocturnal, but will sometimes forage for food in the day, eating bark, roots, fruits, and berries, as well as farm crops. Their distinguishing feature is the coating of the head, nape, tail, and back of the body in long quills. Porcupines can live a long time. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. If this strategy doesn't chase off the predator, the porcupine stamps its feet, clicks its teeth, and rattles its hollow-tipped tail quills. The only known avian predators of this species are golden eagles and great horned owls. Their distinguishing feature is the coating of the head, nape, tail, and back of the body in long quills. They are herbivores, primarily eating roots, tubers, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. About the only place it will avoid is a dense rainforest. Their sharp spines and quills can fall off when coming into contact with a predator but grow back quickly. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. The African porcupine looks similar to the echidna but is not closely related. Brush-tailed porcupines live in small family groups of about eight members. They also eat roots and palm nuts, and occasionally carrion, and invade crops of maize, cassava and bananas when these are grown adjacent to the forest. As with all porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine backs into the attacker and inflicts damage with its quills. and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. If contact is made, the quills could be impaled into the predator causing injury or death. They are mature at about 2 years of age. African crested porcupines have shorter tails than their New World cousins and the presence of rattle quills at the end of the tail make a hiss-like rattle when they vibrate. Although they have been found at altitudes of 11,480 feet on Mount Kilimanjaro, they are not found in dry, empty deserts or damp forests. These quills keep the rodent safe from predators and can even prevent a pride of lions from taking a porcupine down (true story!). The tips of its quills lodge in its enemy's skin, and the resulting wounds can disable or even kill the predator. Porcupine Predators. Common Name Porcupine. A Porcupine’s Scientific Name is Erethizon Dorsatum and Hystricidae. Porcupine quills are modified hair that has a thick coat and of keratin that is the same as the human nail. A number of larger predators like coyotes, great horned owls and bobcats will take an occasional porcupine, but these predators have little impact on porcupine numbers. [3], Brush-tailed porcupines live in forests, usually at high elevations, and are nocturnal, sleeping in caves and burrows during the day. The porcupine species found within the Kruger National Park and within Southern Africa is known as the Cape Porcupine, the largest porcupine species on Earth. The spines may be as long as 21 inches. The quills are a modified hair, made from keratin like human hair, but hardened. North American porcupine predators include fishers (carnivores in the weasel family), coyotes, wolves, bobcats and cougars. The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. The porcupine is the prickliest of rodents, though its Latin name means "quill pig." How does a porcupine protect itself against predators? Scientific Name Hystrix cristata. If you burn a porcupine quill you get the same smell as if you are burning a human nail. Their quill lengths vary on different parts of the body, anywhere from 1” to 12” on their back. When the porcupine sees predators such as lion, leopard or hyena it will often “freeze”, in the hope that it won’t be noticed. Porcupines can not shoot quills but will attack predator by running backward and stabbing their enemy. Another North American predator of the porcupine is the coyote, another versatile predator … the porcupines enemies or predators are the coyote, black marten, cougars, and bobcatsPredators of the porcupine include wolverines, martens, wolves, and fisher cats. Offspring 1 - 4 Porcupettes. They have shorter hind legs with four fingers on the front feet and 5 on the hind feet. The African cape porcupine is one of the largest members of the rodent family. Defense behaviour displays in a porcupine depend on sight, scent, and sound. Porcup… Porcupines have rounded bodies covered with many spines or quills and can be grey, brown or white in colour. Defense. 14K 2,572. (Your vote has been cast.) Description. These spines are very sharp and about 5 cm in length. They can also rattle their quills making a warning sound. References. and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. The quills are a modified hair, made from keratin like human hair, but hardened. A porcupine's tail is also able to swing in the direction of the predator. They wear a coat of sharp quills all over their body. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. They have shorter hind legs with four fingers on the front feet and 5 on the hind feet. Diet Herbivore. Coyotes. The answer is “no”. These can make noise when rattled. If the noise doesn't work, the porcupine may try to charge backward into the predator. Porcupines are rodents with an interesting way to protect themselves from predators. When confronted, the North African crested porcupine raises and fans its quills to appear large and imposing. These spines are very sharp and about 5 cm in length. When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. The deep wounds inflicted from these attacks can prove fatal and crested porcupines have been known to injure lions, leopards, hyenas and even humans. When cornered, these porcupines can be aggressive, runnning sideways or backwards to embed their sharp quills in an attacker. The African brush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus africanus) is a species of rat-like Old World porcupine, indigenous to a broad belt of Africa ranging from Guinea on the west coast to Kenya on the east. An African crested porcupine's sharp, sturdy quills help protect it against predators. Geographic Range Found in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. The porcupine is Africa’s largest rodent. Once a porcupine has stuck its quills into an enemy, the porcupine needs to quickly separate from the quills. [2], The brush-tailed porcupine occurs in Benin, Cameroon, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo and Uganda, in tropical rainforest at altitudes up to 3,000 m (9,800 ft). The African porcupine is not a climber and forages on the ground. Fishers will scratch at a porcupine’s face to try to get it to turn over so they can bite into its vulnerable side (the area without quills). Their quill lengths vary on different parts of the body, anywhere from 1” to 12” on their back. North African crested porcupine Kingdom Animalia. FAST FACTS. These include foxes, wolves, owls, bobcats, and cougars. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. The brush-tailed porcupine is hunted in such large quantities, many in those areas fear that it is no longer a sustainable option. Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. Natural predators of this species include fishers (a cat -sized mustelid), wolverines, coyotes, wolves, American black bears, and cougars, as well as humans. Honey Badger vs. Porcupine It's not called a honey badger because of its sweet nature. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. [An African crested porcupine will] use all those defenses: the stomping, the rattling, and the shaking of the quills. This is a common species with a very wide range, and despite being used extensively for bushmeat, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". Description. Moreover, the most feared predator that feeds on porcupines are the fishers. 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